Nicaragua - A Historical Reference

Spain entered Nicaragua in the 1500's and rapidly established it as a colony. The population of the country rapidly became devastated because of disease, deportation, and slavery by the Spaniards. Granada was established as the colonial head of the country, and was one of the beginning settlements built in the Americas by the Europeans.

Nicaragua continued as a colony of Spain until 1821, when it stated its freedom. Britain in spite of everything ruled the Caribbean seaboard, then gradually gave up rule throughout the next couple of decades. In 1838, Nicaragua declared itself as an independent republic. Soon there after, a U.S. entrepreneur named William Walker set his sights on acquiring the country and having the US Government annex it as a slave country to supply the South. Meanwhile, Nicaragua was in the middle of a civil war at the time. Walker did manage to gain control over Nicaragua, then he rapidly lost it as soon as he attempted to enter Costa Rica. Walker finally left the country, then was executed in Honduras soon thereafter.

Most of the 20th Century was framed by the rule of the Somozas; first the father and next his sons. By the end of the 1970's, turmoil within the residents flared up into a rebellion, and finally the Somoza reign stopped by means of the Sandinista army. Once more, the U.S. took part in Nicaragua's past, by teaching and arming objectors to fight the Sandinistas and their regime of the country. Finally, a peace deal was brokered, and in 1990 the country held its first democratic elections. They have moved forward ever since.

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