The History of Nicaragua

Spain entered Nicaragua in the 1500's and rapidly founded it as a settlement. The population of the nation rapidly became decimated because of disease, deportation, and slavery by the Spaniards. Granada was founded as the colonial head of the nation, and was one of the beginning communities constructed in the Americas by the Europeans.

Nicaragua remained a settlement of Spain until 1821, when it stated its freedom. Britain in spite of everything ruled the Caribbean coast, then slowly gave up control throughout the next couple of decades. In 1838, Nicaragua declared itself as an independent republic. Shortly afterward, a U.S. entrepreneur named William Walker set his sights on taking over the nation and having the US Government occupy it as a slave nation to support the South. Meanwhile, Nicaragua was in the middle of a civil war at the time. Walker did succeed in gaining dominance over Nicaragua, then he rapidly lost it when he attempted to occupy Costa Rica. Walker eventually left the nation, but was executed in Honduras soon thereafter.

Nearly all of the 20th Century was framed by the regime of the Somozas; first the father and next his sons. By the conclusion of the 1970's, unrest amongst the populace flared up into a rebellion, and ultimately the Somoza empire ended at the hands of the Sandinista army. Once more, the U.S. took part in Nicaragua's history, via instructing and equipping rebels to combat the Sandinistas and their rule of the nation. Ultimately, an end of war deal was reached, and in 1990 the nation organized its first democratic elections. They have moved forward ever since.

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