Nicaragua - A Historical Reference

Spain attacked Nicaragua in the 1500's and rapidly founded it as a settlement. The inhabitants of the nation rapidly became ruined because of disease, deportation, and slavery by the Spaniards. Granada was founded as the colonial head of the nation, and was one of the first communities constructed in the Americas by the Europeans.

Nicaragua continued as a city state of Spain until 1821, when it stated its freedom. Britain however controlled the Caribbean coast, then gradually relinquished control over the next couple of decades. In 1838, Nicaragua announced itself as an independent republic. Soon there after, a U.S. capitalist named William Walker set his sights on appropriating the nation and having the US Government seize it as a slave state to supply the South. Meanwhile, Nicaragua was in the middle of a civil war during this. Walker did manage to gain control throughout Nicaragua, then he rapidly lost it as soon as he tried to occupy Costa Rica. Walker finally departed the nation, but was executed in Honduras soon thereafter.

Most of the 20th Century was framed by the regime of the Somozas; beginning with the father and next his sons. By the conclusion of the 1970's, turmoil among the population erupted into a rebellion, and finally the Somoza dynasty ended at the hands of the Sandinista army. Yet again, the U.S. played a role in Nicaragua's past, via training and arming objectors to fight the Sandinistas and their regime of the nation. Finally, a peace deal was made, and in 1990 the nation arranged its first democratic elections. They have not looked back since.

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