Nicaragua - A Historical Reference

Spain attacked Nicaragua in the 1500's and rapidly established it as a settlement. The inhabitants of the country rapidly became decimated because of disease, deportation, and slavery by the Spaniards. Granada was established as the colonial head of the country, and was one of the first colonies constructed in the Americas by the Europeans.

Nicaragua remained a colony of Spain until 1821, when it pronounced its independence. Britain however controlled the Caribbean shore, but bit by bit relinquished rule during the next couple of decades. In 1838, Nicaragua declared itself as an independent republic. Soon there after, a U.S. industrialist named William Walker set his sights on taking over the country and having the US Government occupy it as a slave country to supply the South. Meanwhile, Nicaragua was in the middle of a civil war at the time. Walker did manage to gain dominance over Nicaragua, but he rapidly lost it when he tried to enter Costa Rica. Walker eventually departed the country, however was executed in Honduras a little while thereafter.

The majority of the 20th Century was framed by the regime of the Somozas; first the father and afterward his sons. By the conclusion of the 1970's, turmoil within the populace erupted into a rebellion, and ultimately the Somoza dynasty concluded at the hands of the Sandinista army. Once more, the U.S. participated in Nicaragua's history, by instructing and arming rebels to combat the Sandinistas and their regime of the country. Ultimately, a peace treaty was brokered, and in 1990 the country organized its first democratic elections. They have moved forward ever since.

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