The History of Nicaragua

Spain attacked Nicaragua in the 1500's and rapidly founded it as a colony. The inhabitants of the country rapidly became devastated because of disease, deportation, and slavery by the Spaniards. Granada was founded as the colonial head of the country, and was one of the first communities built in the Americas by the Europeans.

Nicaragua continued as a city state of Spain until 1821, at what time it proclaimed its freedom. Britain still controlled the Caribbean shore, but slowly gave up control over the next couple of decades. In 1838, Nicaragua declared itself as an independent republic. Shortly afterward, a U.S. capitalist named William Walker set his sights on appropriating the country and having the US Government seize it as a slave country to assist the South. Meanwhile, Nicaragua was in the middle of a civil war at the time. Walker did succeed in gaining dominance over Nicaragua, but he rapidly lost it the minute he tried to enter Costa Rica. Walker eventually left the country, but was executed in Honduras shortly thereafter.

Most of the 20th Century was framed by the regime of the Somozas; first the father and next his sons. By the conclusion of the 1970's, turmoil amongst the populace flared up into a revolution, and finally the Somoza reign ended as a result of the Sandinista army. Once more, the U.S. took part in Nicaragua's past, via training and arming objectors to engage the Sandinistas and their rule of the country. Finally, a peace agreement was brokered, and in 1990 the country organized its first democratic elections. They have moved forward ever since.

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