Nicaragua - A Historical Reference

Spain invaded Nicaragua in the 1500's and rapidly established it as a colony. The inhabitants of the country rapidly became devastated as a result of disease, deportation, and slavery by the Spaniards. Granada was established as the colonial head of the country, and was one of the beginning colonies constructed in the Americas by the Europeans.

Nicaragua continued as a city state of Spain until 1821, at what time it stated its independence. Britain still controlled the Caribbean shore, however slowly relinquished control over the next couple of decades. In 1838, Nicaragua announced itself as an independent republic. Soon there after, a U.S. capitalist named William Walker set his sights on appropriating the country and having the US Government occupy it as a slave country to support the South. Meanwhile, Nicaragua was in the middle of a civil war at the time. Walker did manage to gain dominance over Nicaragua, however he rapidly lost it when he tried to invade Costa Rica. Walker ultimately left the country, but was executed in Honduras shortly thereafter.

The majority of the 20th Century was framed by the rule of the Somozas; first the father and next his sons. By the conclusion of the 1970's, turmoil amongst the population exploded into an uprising, and ultimately the Somoza rule stopped by the Sandinista army. Once more, the U.S. participated in Nicaragua's history, by instructing and arming objectors to fight the Sandinistas and their rule of the country. Eventually, an end of war treaty was made, and in 1990 the country organized its first democratic elections. They have not looked back since.

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