Nicaragua - A Historical Reference

Spain entered Nicaragua in the 1500's and rapidly founded it as a settlement. The inhabitants of the nation rapidly became decimated because of disease, deportation, and slavery by the Spaniards. Granada was founded as the colonial head of the nation, and was one of the beginning communities built in the Americas by the Europeans.

Nicaragua remained a settlement of Spain until 1821, at what time it stated its freedom. Britain still ruled the Caribbean shore, but bit by bit relinquished control during the next couple of decades. In 1838, Nicaragua announced itself as an independent republic. Shortly afterward, a U.S. industrialist named William Walker set his sights on appropriating the nation and having the US Government seize it as a slave country to support the South. Meanwhile, Nicaragua was in the middle of a civil war during this. Walker did manage to gain dominance throughout Nicaragua, but he rapidly lost it as soon as he attempted to occupy Costa Rica. Walker eventually departed the nation, however was executed in Honduras soon thereafter.

The majority of the 20th Century was framed by the regime of the Somozas; first the father and next his sons. By the end of the 1970's, turmoil within the population flared up into a revolution, and ultimately the Somoza dynasty stopped by means of the Sandinista army. Again, the U.S. took part in Nicaragua's history, via instructing and supplying revolutionaries to fight the Sandinistas and their control of the nation. Ultimately, a peace deal was brokered, and in 1990 the nation organized its first democratic elections. They have not looked back since.

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