Real-World History of Nicaragua

Spain entered Nicaragua in the 1500's and swiftly founded it as a settlement. The people of the country swiftly became devastated due to disease, deportation, and slavery by the Spaniards. Granada was founded as the colonial head of the country, and was one of the beginning communities constructed in the Americas by the Europeans.

Nicaragua remained a city state of Spain until 1821, at what time it pronounced its freedom. Britain however controlled the Caribbean shore, however slowly gave up control during the next couple of decades. In 1838, Nicaragua declared itself as an independent republic. Shortly afterward, a U.S. entrepreneur named William Walker set his sights on appropriating the country and having the US Government annex it as a slave country to supply the South. Subsequently, Nicaragua was in the middle of a civil war at the time. Walker did succeed in gaining power throughout Nicaragua, however he swiftly lost it when he attempted to occupy Costa Rica. Walker finally left the country, but was executed in Honduras shortly thereafter.

The majority of the 20th Century was framed by the regime of the Somozas; beginning with the father and next his sons. By the conclusion of the 1970's, turmoil among the population erupted into a revolution, and finally the Somoza rule ended by the Sandinista army. Once more, the U.S. played a role in Nicaragua's past, by means of instructing and supplying objectors to engage the Sandinistas and their regime of the country. Finally, an end of war agreement was made, and in 1990 the country organized its first democratic elections. They have not looked back since.

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