Nicaragua - A Historical Reference

Spain entered Nicaragua in the 1500's and swiftly founded it as a settlement. The inhabitants of the nation swiftly became devastated because of disease, deportation, and slavery by the Spaniards. Granada was founded as the colonial head of the nation, and was one of the beginning colonies constructed in the Americas by the Europeans.

Nicaragua remained a colony of Spain until 1821, at what time it declared its freedom. Britain in spite of everything controlled the Caribbean shore, but gradually relinquished control throughout the next couple of decades. In 1838, Nicaragua affirmed itself as an independent republic. Soon there after, a U.S. entrepreneur named William Walker set his sights on taking over the nation and having the US Government annex it as a slave country to support the South. Subsequently, Nicaragua was in the middle of a civil war at the time. Walker did manage to gain dominance over Nicaragua, but he swiftly lost it the minute he tried to enter Costa Rica. Walker ultimately departed the nation, then was executed in Honduras soon thereafter.

The majority of the 20th Century was framed by the control of the Somozas; first the father and afterward his sons. By the end of the 1970's, disturbance among the population flared up into a rebellion, and finally the Somoza dynasty stopped by means of the Sandinista army. Once more, the U.S. took part in Nicaragua's past, via instructing and supplying rebels to fight the Sandinistas and their rule of the nation. Eventually, an end of war treaty was reached, and in 1990 the nation organized its first democratic elections. They have moved forward ever since.

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