Real-World History of Nicaragua

Spain entered Nicaragua in the 1500's and rapidly founded it as a colony. The inhabitants of the country rapidly became ruined because of disease, deportation, and slavery by the Spaniards. Granada was founded as the colonial head of the country, and was one of the beginning communities developed in the Americas by the Europeans.

Nicaragua continued as a city state of Spain until 1821, at what time it stated its freedom. Britain still ruled the Caribbean shore, however slowly handed over rule over the next couple of decades. In 1838, Nicaragua affirmed itself as an independent republic. Shortly there after, a U.S. entrepreneur named William Walker set his sights on acquiring the country and having the US Government annex it as a slave country to supply the South. Meanwhile, Nicaragua was in the middle of a civil war at the time. Walker did succeed in gaining power throughout Nicaragua, however he rapidly lost it when he attempted to enter Costa Rica. Walker in time left the country, however was executed in Honduras a little while thereafter.

Most of the 20th Century was framed by the control of the Somozas; beginning with the father and then his sons. By the close of the 1970's, turmoil among the populace flared up into a rebellion, and finally the Somoza reign ended by the Sandinista army. Once more, the U.S. took part in Nicaragua's past, by means of training and supplying objectors to combat the Sandinistas and their rule of the country. Ultimately, an end of war treaty was brokered, and in 1990 the country arranged its first democratic elections. They have not looked back since.

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