Nicaragua - A Historical Reference

Spain entered Nicaragua in the 1500's and rapidly established it as a colony. The inhabitants of the country rapidly became ruined because of disease, deportation, and slavery by the Spaniards. Granada was established as the colonial head of the country, and was one of the beginning communities built in the Americas by the Europeans.

Nicaragua continued as a colony of Spain until 1821, at what time it stated its freedom. Britain however ruled the Caribbean shore, then bit by bit gave up rule over the next couple of decades. In 1838, Nicaragua affirmed itself as an independent republic. Shortly there after, a U.S. capitalist named William Walker set his sights on appropriating the country and having the US Government occupy it as a slave country to support the South. Meanwhile, Nicaragua was in the middle of a civil war at the time. Walker did succeed in gaining dominance over Nicaragua, then he rapidly lost it when he attempted to invade Costa Rica. Walker eventually left the country, however was executed in Honduras a little while thereafter.

The majority of the 20th Century was framed by the regime of the Somozas; first the father and then his sons. By the end of the 1970's, turmoil amongst the populace flared up into a rebellion, and finally the Somoza rule concluded at the hands of the Sandinista army. Once more, the U.S. played a role in Nicaragua's past, via instructing and arming objectors to combat the Sandinistas and their leadership of the country. Finally, a peace treaty was made, and in 1990 the country held its first democratic elections. They have not looked back since.

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