Real-World History of Nicaragua

Spain invaded Nicaragua in the 1500's and quickly founded it as a settlement. The population of the country quickly became decimated as a result of disease, deportation, and slavery by the Spaniards. Granada was founded as the colonial head of the country, and was one of the first settlements constructed in the Americas by the Europeans.

Nicaragua continued as a colony of Spain until 1821, at what time it pronounced its independence. Britain however ruled the Caribbean coast, however slowly relinquished rule over the next couple of decades. In 1838, Nicaragua announced itself as an independent republic. Soon afterward, a U.S. industrialist named William Walker set his sights on appropriating the country and having the US Government occupy it as a slave state to assist the South. Meanwhile, Nicaragua was in the middle of a civil war during this. Walker did manage to gain dominance throughout Nicaragua, however he quickly lost it as soon as he tried to assault Costa Rica. Walker finally departed the country, however was executed in Honduras a little while thereafter.

Nearly all of the 20th Century was framed by the regime of the Somozas; beginning with the father and afterward his sons. By the conclusion of the 1970's, disturbance among the populace flared up into a rebellion, and finally the Somoza rule concluded as a result of the Sandinista army. Again, the U.S. played a role in Nicaragua's past, via instructing and supplying rebels to fight the Sandinistas and their rule of the country. Finally, an end of war agreement was made, and in 1990 the country held its first democratic elections. They have moved forward ever since.

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