Nicaragua - A Historical Reference

Spain entered Nicaragua in the 1500's and swiftly founded it as a colony. The inhabitants of the nation swiftly became devastated because of disease, deportation, and slavery by the Spaniards. Granada was founded as the colonial head of the nation, and was one of the beginning communities built in the Americas by the Europeans.

Nicaragua continued as a colony of Spain until 1821, at what time it declared its freedom. Britain still controlled the Caribbean seaboard, then gradually gave up control during the next couple of decades. In 1838, Nicaragua announced itself as an independent republic. Shortly there after, a U.S. capitalist named William Walker set his sights on acquiring the nation and having the US Government occupy it as a slave country to support the South. Subsequently, Nicaragua was in the middle of a civil war at the time. Walker did succeed in gaining dominance throughout Nicaragua, then he swiftly lost it when he tried to invade Costa Rica. Walker finally left the nation, however was executed in Honduras a little while thereafter.

The majority of the 20th Century was framed by the regime of the Somozas; first the father and next his sons. By the close of the 1970's, unrest amongst the populace flared up into a revolution, and finally the Somoza empire stopped at the hands of the Sandinista army. Once more, the U.S. played a role in Nicaragua's past, via training and supplying objectors to combat the Sandinistas and their regime of the nation. Finally, an end of war deal was reached, and in 1990 the nation arranged its first democratic elections. They have moved forward ever since.

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