The History of Nicaragua

Spain entered Nicaragua in the 1500's and quickly founded it as a settlement. The population of the country quickly became ruined due to disease, deportation, and slavery by the Spaniards. Granada was founded as the colonial head of the country, and was one of the first colonies constructed in the Americas by the Europeans.

Nicaragua continued as a city state of Spain until 1821, at what time it stated its freedom. Britain however ruled the Caribbean shore, but gradually handed over rule during the next couple of decades. In 1838, Nicaragua asserted itself as an independent republic. Soon there after, a U.S. entrepreneur named William Walker set his sights on appropriating the country and having the US Government occupy it as a slave country to support the South. Meanwhile, Nicaragua was in the middle of a civil war at the time. Walker did manage to gain dominance throughout Nicaragua, but he quickly lost it as soon as he attempted to occupy Costa Rica. Walker ultimately departed the country, but was executed in Honduras a little while thereafter.

The majority of the 20th Century was framed by the control of the Somozas; beginning with the father and afterward his sons. By the conclusion of the 1970's, turmoil amongst the residents erupted into a revolution, and eventually the Somoza reign stopped by the Sandinista army. Again, the U.S. took part in Nicaragua's history, via training and supplying objectors to combat the Sandinistas and their regime of the country. Eventually, a peace agreement was made, and in 1990 the country held its first democratic elections. They have not looked back since.

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