Nicaragua - A Historical Reference

Spain entered Nicaragua in the 1500's and rapidly founded it as a colony. The population of the country rapidly became devastated as a result of disease, deportation, and slavery by the Spaniards. Granada was founded as the colonial head of the country, and was one of the first communities developed in the Americas by the Europeans.

Nicaragua remained a city state of Spain until 1821, at what time it stated its independence. Britain in spite of everything ruled the Caribbean coast, however gradually gave up rule during the next couple of decades. In 1838, Nicaragua declared itself as an independent republic. Soon there after, a U.S. industrialist named William Walker set his sights on taking over the country and having the US Government annex it as a slave country to supply the South. Meanwhile, Nicaragua was in the middle of a civil war during this. Walker did succeed in gaining dominance over Nicaragua, however he rapidly lost it when he attempted to invade Costa Rica. Walker finally left the country, then was executed in Honduras soon thereafter.

Nearly all of the 20th Century was framed by the control of the Somozas; first the father and next his sons. By the conclusion of the 1970's, unrest amongst the populace flared up into an uprising, and finally the Somoza reign ended by the Sandinista army. Once more, the U.S. played a role in Nicaragua's history, via instructing and arming objectors to combat the Sandinistas and their regime of the country. Finally, an end of war deal was brokered, and in 1990 the country organized its first democratic elections. They have not looked back since.

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