Real-World History of Nicaragua

Spain invaded Nicaragua in the 1500's and rapidly established it as a settlement. The population of the country rapidly became devastated as a result of disease, deportation, and slavery by the Spaniards. Granada was established as the colonial head of the country, and was one of the beginning communities constructed in the Americas by the Europeans.

Nicaragua remained a colony of Spain until 1821, at what time it stated its independence. Britain however ruled the Caribbean shore, then gradually gave up control over the next couple of decades. In 1838, Nicaragua affirmed itself as an independent republic. Shortly there after, a U.S. industrialist named William Walker set his sights on taking over the country and having the US Government occupy it as a slave state to supply the South. Meanwhile, Nicaragua was in the middle of a civil war during this. Walker did succeed in gaining power throughout Nicaragua, then he rapidly lost it the minute he tried to assault Costa Rica. Walker eventually departed the country, but was executed in Honduras soon thereafter.

Nearly all of the 20th Century was framed by the control of the Somozas; beginning with the father and afterward his sons. By the end of the 1970's, turmoil amongst the population erupted into an uprising, and ultimately the Somoza reign stopped at the hands of the Sandinista army. Yet again, the U.S. took part in Nicaragua's history, by means of instructing and arming rebels to fight the Sandinistas and their regime of the country. Eventually, a peace treaty was made, and in 1990 the country organized its first democratic elections. They have moved forward ever since.

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