Explore Nicaragua Geography

Nicaragua is located in Central America, and takes up a large portion of it. It's edges extend from the Pacific Ocean to the Caribbean Sea, north is Honduras, and south is Costa Rica. The country's landscape is incredibly diverse, from volcanoes, plains and lakes on the Pacific side to tropical jungles on the Caribbean side. The northern portion is mountainous, providing rich soil and perfect growing temperatures for coffee and tobacco.

Five million citizens live in Nicaragua, with almost 1.5 million of them living in the capital city of Managua. The country experienced a disturbance in the late 1970's, but has formed and upheld a stable democratic government since the 1980's. A president and congress is voted for every 5 years. The official language of the country is Spanish, but English is articulated regularly as well.

Located in a tropical climate, there are truly just two seasons — summer and winter — or as they're regularly referred, the dry season and the rainy season. Summer is the dry season, and it goes from November to April. Winter is the rainy season, and it goes from May through October. The atmospheric environment fluctuates as drastically as the terrain — hot and dry in the west, hot and humid in the east, and cool and humid in the north.

Nearly all of the progress, expansion and infrastructure improvements have happened in the western portion of the country. However, the growth has been well-structured and developed. The nation's wealth still depends greatly on agriculture, on the other hand the country sells overseas gold, silver, and timber. Tourism is becoming a bigger piece of the growth of Nicaragua.

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