Explore Nicaragua Geography

Nicaragua is positioned in Central America, and takes up a good section of it. It's borders span from the Pacific Ocean to the Caribbean Sea, north is Honduras, and south is Costa Rica. The country's topography is incredibly varied, from volcanoes, plains and lakes on the Pacific side to tropical jungles on the Caribbean side. The northern portion is mountainous, offering rich soil and great growing temperatures for coffee and tobacco.

Five million residents inhabit Nicaragua, with almost 1.5 million of them living in the capital city of Managua. The country went through an upheaval in the late 1970's, but has formed and preserved an established democratic government since the 1980's. A president and congress is elected every 5 years. The official language of the country is Spanish, but English is articulated often as well.

Located in a tropical climate, there are actually just two seasons — summer and winter — or as they're often frequently referred, the dry season and the rainy season. Summer is the dry season, and it goes from November to April. Winter is the rainy season, and it goes from May through October. The atmospheric conditions vary as much as the terrain — hot and dry in the west, hot and humid in the east, and cool and humid in the north.

The majority of the growth, expansion and infrastructure developments have risen in the western section of the nation. But the progress has remained well-structured and built. The nation's wealth still relies deeply on agriculture, but also the country exports gold, silver, and timber. The vacation industry is becoming a bigger piece of the growth of Nicaragua.

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