Geography Facts for Nicaragua

Nicaragua is situated in Central America, and encompasses a large part of it. It's boundaries extend from the Pacific Ocean to the Caribbean Sea, north is Honduras, and south is Costa Rica. The country's topography is incredibly diverse, from volcanoes, plains and lakes on the Pacific side to tropical jungles on the Caribbean side. The northern portion is mountainous, providing rich soil and ideal growing temperatures for coffee and tobacco.

Five million citizens live in Nicaragua, with almost 1.5 million of the people residing in the capital city of Managua. The country experienced a disturbance in the late 1970's, but has created and maintained a stable democratic government since the 1980's. A president and congress is chosen every 5 years. The official language of the country is Spanish, but English is articulated regularly too.

Being in a tropical atmosphere, there are really just two seasons — summer and winter — or as they're regularly referred, the dry season and the rainy season. Summer is the dry season, and it runs from November to April. Winter is the rainy season, and it runs from May through October. The atmospheric conditions differ as drastically as the land — hot and dry in the west, hot and humid in the east, and cool and humid in the north.

The majority of the growth, development and infrastructure advances have happened in the western part of the country. On the other hand, the progress has been well-structured and built. The economy still relies heavily on agriculture, but also the country sells overseas gold, silver, and timber. Tourism is becoming a larger piece of the development of Nicaragua.

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