The History of Nicaragua

Spain entered Nicaragua in the 1500's and rapidly founded it as a colony. The inhabitants of the country rapidly became devastated due to disease, deportation, and slavery by the Spaniards. Granada was founded as the colonial head of the country, and was one of the first communities developed in the Americas by the Europeans.

Nicaragua remained a city state of Spain until 1821, at what time it pronounced its freedom. Britain however controlled the Caribbean shore, then gradually gave up jurisdiction over the next couple of decades. In 1838, Nicaragua declared itself as an independent republic. Soon there after, a U.S. capitalist named William Walker set his sights on appropriating the country and having the US Government occupy it as a slave state to supply the South. Subsequently, Nicaragua was in the middle of a civil war during this. Walker did manage to gain dominance throughout Nicaragua, then he rapidly lost it when he tried to occupy Costa Rica. Walker eventually left the country, however was executed in Honduras soon thereafter.

The majority of the 20th Century was framed by the rule of the Somozas; first the father and next his sons. By the end of the 1970's, turmoil within the populace flared up into a rebellion, and eventually the Somoza reign ended as a result of the Sandinista army. Once more, the U.S. took part in Nicaragua's history, via instructing and supplying objectors to combat the Sandinistas and their leadership of the country. Finally, a peace agreement was brokered, and in 1990 the country organized its first democratic elections. They have not looked back since.

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