Nicaragua - A Historical Reference

Spain entered Nicaragua in the 1500's and rapidly established it as a settlement. The inhabitants of the country rapidly became devastated due to disease, deportation, and slavery by the Spaniards. Granada was established as the colonial head of the country, and was one of the first settlements built in the Americas by the Europeans.

Nicaragua continued as a colony of Spain until 1821, at what time it stated its independence. Britain still ruled the Caribbean shore, however gradually gave up rule during the next couple of decades. In 1838, Nicaragua announced itself as an independent republic. Shortly there after, a U.S. industrialist named William Walker set his sights on appropriating the country and having the US Government occupy it as a slave country to assist the South. Subsequently, Nicaragua was in the middle of a civil war during this. Walker did succeed in gaining power over Nicaragua, however he rapidly lost it when he attempted to enter Costa Rica. Walker eventually departed the country, but was executed in Honduras soon thereafter.

The majority of the 20th Century was framed by the rule of the Somozas; beginning with the father and next his sons. By the end of the 1970's, turmoil amongst the populace exploded into a rebellion, and eventually the Somoza empire stopped as a result of the Sandinista army. Once more, the U.S. played a role in Nicaragua's history, via instructing and arming rebels to combat the Sandinistas and their regime of the country. Finally, a peace deal was brokered, and in 1990 the country arranged its first democratic elections. They have moved forward ever since.

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