Nicaragua - A Historical Reference

Spain entered Nicaragua in the 1500's and swiftly founded it as a colony. The inhabitants of the nation swiftly became ruined because of disease, deportation, and slavery by the Spaniards. Granada was founded as the colonial head of the nation, and was one of the first colonies built in the Americas by the Europeans.

Nicaragua continued as a city state of Spain until 1821, when it pronounced its independence. Britain however controlled the Caribbean shore, then gradually relinquished jurisdiction during the next couple of decades. In 1838, Nicaragua announced itself as an independent republic. Shortly there after, a U.S. industrialist named William Walker set his sights on taking over the nation and having the US Government occupy it as a slave country to supply the South. Subsequently, Nicaragua was in the middle of a civil war during this. Walker did manage to gain control over Nicaragua, then he swiftly lost it as soon as he tried to enter Costa Rica. Walker finally left the nation, but was executed in Honduras a little while thereafter.

Nearly all of the 20th Century was framed by the rule of the Somozas; beginning with the father and next his sons. By the close of the 1970's, disturbance within the populace erupted into a revolution, and finally the Somoza reign stopped by means of the Sandinista army. Once more, the U.S. took part in Nicaragua's past, by means of teaching and supplying objectors to fight the Sandinistas and their rule of the nation. Finally, an end of war treaty was brokered, and in 1990 the nation held its first democratic elections. They have moved forward ever since.

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