Real-World History of Nicaragua

Spain invaded Nicaragua in the 1500's and rapidly established it as a colony. The inhabitants of the nation rapidly became reduced because of disease, deportation, and slavery by the Spaniards. Granada was established as the colonial head of the nation, and was one of the beginning settlements constructed in the Americas by the Europeans.

Nicaragua remained a settlement of Spain until 1821, when it declared its independence. Britain still controlled the Caribbean shore, then bit by bit relinquished jurisdiction throughout the next couple of decades. In 1838, Nicaragua affirmed itself as an independent republic. Shortly there after, a U.S. industrialist named William Walker set his sights on appropriating the nation and having the US Government annex it as a slave country to supply the South. Subsequently, Nicaragua was in the middle of a civil war at the time. Walker did manage to gain dominance over Nicaragua, then he rapidly lost it as soon as he tried to enter Costa Rica. Walker ultimately left the nation, however was executed in Honduras shortly thereafter.

The majority of the 20th Century was framed by the rule of the Somozas; first the father and then his sons. By the end of the 1970's, unrest amongst the population erupted into an uprising, and eventually the Somoza reign stopped at the hands of the Sandinista army. Again, the U.S. took part in Nicaragua's history, by means of instructing and supplying rebels to combat the Sandinistas and their regime of the nation. Finally, a peace agreement was made, and in 1990 the nation organized its first democratic elections. They have not looked back since.

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