Nicaragua - A Historical Reference

Spain attacked Nicaragua in the 1500's and rapidly founded it as a settlement. The population of the country rapidly became devastated due to disease, deportation, and slavery by the Spaniards. Granada was founded as the colonial head of the country, and was one of the first communities constructed in the Americas by the Europeans.

Nicaragua continued as a colony of Spain until 1821, when it stated its independence. Britain however controlled the Caribbean seaboard, but gradually relinquished rule over the next couple of decades. In 1838, Nicaragua affirmed itself as an independent republic. Soon there after, a U.S. entrepreneur named William Walker set his sights on appropriating the country and having the US Government seize it as a slave nation to supply the South. Meanwhile, Nicaragua was in the middle of a civil war at the time. Walker did manage to gain dominance throughout Nicaragua, but he rapidly lost it when he tried to occupy Costa Rica. Walker finally departed the country, however was executed in Honduras shortly thereafter.

Nearly all of the 20th Century was framed by the rule of the Somozas; beginning with the father and next his sons. By the conclusion of the 1970's, unrest within the populace flared up into a revolution, and finally the Somoza rule stopped as a result of the Sandinista army. Once more, the U.S. played a role in Nicaragua's history, via instructing and equipping objectors to combat the Sandinistas and their control of the country. Finally, a peace agreement was made, and in 1990 the country arranged its first democratic elections. They have moved forward ever since.

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