The History of Nicaragua

Spain entered Nicaragua in the 1500's and quickly founded it as a colony. The population of the country quickly became devastated due to disease, deportation, and slavery by the Spaniards. Granada was founded as the colonial head of the country, and was one of the beginning settlements constructed in the Americas by the Europeans.

Nicaragua continued as a colony of Spain until 1821, at what time it stated its independence. Britain however controlled the Caribbean shore, then gradually handed over rule during the next couple of decades. In 1838, Nicaragua announced itself as an independent republic. Shortly afterward, a U.S. industrialist named William Walker set his sights on taking over the country and having the US Government occupy it as a slave country to support the South. Subsequently, Nicaragua was in the middle of a civil war during this. Walker did succeed in gaining dominance over Nicaragua, then he quickly lost it as soon as he tried to occupy Costa Rica. Walker finally departed the country, but was executed in Honduras a little while thereafter.

Nearly all of the 20th Century was framed by the rule of the Somozas; beginning with the father and next his sons. By the end of the 1970's, disturbance among the populace flared up into an uprising, and finally the Somoza reign ended by the Sandinista army. Once more, the U.S. took part in Nicaragua's past, via training and arming objectors to fight the Sandinistas and their regime of the country. Eventually, a peace deal was brokered, and in 1990 the country organized its first democratic elections. They have moved forward ever since.

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