Nicaragua - A Historical Reference

Spain invaded Nicaragua in the 1500's and quickly founded it as a colony. The population of the country quickly became devastated due to disease, deportation, and slavery by the Spaniards. Granada was founded as the colonial head of the country, and was one of the beginning settlements constructed in the Americas by the Europeans.

Nicaragua remained a settlement of Spain until 1821, when it stated its independence. Britain however controlled the Caribbean shore, but gradually handed over rule during the next couple of decades. In 1838, Nicaragua announced itself as an independent republic. Soon there after, a U.S. industrialist named William Walker set his sights on appropriating the country and having the US Government occupy it as a slave state to supply the South. Meanwhile, Nicaragua was in the middle of a civil war during this. Walker did manage to gain dominance over Nicaragua, but he quickly lost it the minute he tried to occupy Costa Rica. Walker finally departed the country, but was executed in Honduras soon thereafter.

The majority of the 20th Century was framed by the regime of the Somozas; first the father and next his sons. By the end of the 1970's, disturbance amongst the population erupted into a rebellion, and finally the Somoza reign stopped by the Sandinista army. Once more, the U.S. participated in Nicaragua's history, by means of instructing and supplying objectors to combat the Sandinistas and their regime of the country. Finally, an end of war agreement was made, and in 1990 the country organized its first democratic elections. They have moved forward ever since.

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