Nicaragua - A Historical Reference

Spain attacked Nicaragua in the 1500's and swiftly founded it as a colony. The inhabitants of the nation swiftly became devastated because of disease, deportation, and slavery by the Spaniards. Granada was founded as the colonial head of the nation, and was one of the beginning communities constructed in the Americas by the Europeans.

Nicaragua remained a city state of Spain until 1821, when it stated its freedom. Britain in spite of everything controlled the Caribbean shore, but gradually gave up rule throughout the next couple of decades. In 1838, Nicaragua announced itself as an independent republic. Shortly afterward, a U.S. industrialist named William Walker set his sights on appropriating the nation and having the US Government occupy it as a slave country to supply the South. Subsequently, Nicaragua was in the middle of a civil war during this. Walker did succeed in gaining dominance throughout Nicaragua, but he swiftly lost it as soon as he tried to enter Costa Rica. Walker eventually departed the nation, but was executed in Honduras shortly thereafter.

The majority of the 20th Century was framed by the control of the Somozas; beginning with the father and then his sons. By the conclusion of the 1970's, turmoil amongst the population flared up into a revolution, and ultimately the Somoza reign ended by the Sandinista army. Yet again, the U.S. took part in Nicaragua's past, via instructing and supplying objectors to engage the Sandinistas and their rule of the nation. Ultimately, a peace deal was reached, and in 1990 the nation organized its first democratic elections. They have not looked back since.

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