Real-World History of Nicaragua

Spain entered Nicaragua in the 1500's and rapidly established it as a colony. The inhabitants of the nation rapidly became decimated because of disease, deportation, and slavery by the Spaniards. Granada was established as the colonial head of the nation, and was one of the beginning settlements constructed in the Americas by the Europeans.

Nicaragua continued as a city state of Spain until 1821, when it pronounced its independence. Britain still ruled the Caribbean seaboard, then slowly relinquished control over the next couple of decades. In 1838, Nicaragua affirmed itself as an independent republic. Shortly there after, a U.S. industrialist named William Walker set his sights on taking over the nation and having the US Government occupy it as a slave state to assist the South. Subsequently, Nicaragua was in the middle of a civil war during this. Walker did manage to gain power over Nicaragua, then he rapidly lost it when he attempted to invade Costa Rica. Walker finally departed the nation, however was executed in Honduras a little while thereafter.

Most of the 20th Century was framed by the regime of the Somozas; beginning with the father and next his sons. By the end of the 1970's, unrest among the residents exploded into a rebellion, and ultimately the Somoza dynasty ended by the Sandinista army. Again, the U.S. took part in Nicaragua's past, by instructing and arming objectors to combat the Sandinistas and their control of the nation. Eventually, a peace agreement was brokered, and in 1990 the nation organized its first democratic elections. They have moved forward ever since.

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