The History of Nicaragua

Spain entered Nicaragua in the 1500's and rapidly founded it as a settlement. The inhabitants of the country rapidly became decimated because of disease, deportation, and slavery by the Spaniards. Granada was founded as the colonial head of the country, and was one of the first communities developed in the Americas by the Europeans.

Nicaragua continued as a colony of Spain until 1821, when it stated its independence. Britain in spite of everything ruled the Caribbean shore, however gradually gave up rule over the next couple of decades. In 1838, Nicaragua announced itself as an independent republic. Soon afterward, a U.S. industrialist named William Walker set his sights on appropriating the country and having the US Government occupy it as a slave state to supply the South. Meanwhile, Nicaragua was in the middle of a civil war at the time. Walker did manage to gain dominance over Nicaragua, however he rapidly lost it as soon as he attempted to occupy Costa Rica. Walker finally left the country, but was executed in Honduras soon thereafter.

The majority of the 20th Century was framed by the rule of the Somozas; beginning with the father and next his sons. By the end of the 1970's, turmoil among the population exploded into a rebellion, and ultimately the Somoza empire ended at the hands of the Sandinista army. Once more, the U.S. played a role in Nicaragua's history, by means of instructing and supplying rebels to fight the Sandinistas and their control of the country. Ultimately, a peace agreement was made, and in 1990 the country held its first democratic elections. They have moved forward ever since.

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