Real-World History of Nicaragua

Spain invaded Nicaragua in the 1500's and quickly founded it as a settlement. The population of the country quickly became ruined due to disease, deportation, and slavery by the Spaniards. Granada was founded as the colonial head of the country, and was one of the beginning settlements constructed in the Americas by the Europeans.

Nicaragua remained a colony of Spain until 1821, when it stated its freedom. Britain however ruled the Caribbean coast, however gradually relinquished control during the next couple of decades. In 1838, Nicaragua announced itself as an independent republic. Soon afterward, a U.S. industrialist named William Walker set his sights on appropriating the country and having the US Government annex it as a slave country to supply the South. Subsequently, Nicaragua was in the middle of a civil war at the time. Walker did manage to gain control throughout Nicaragua, however he quickly lost it as soon as he attempted to occupy Costa Rica. Walker ultimately departed the country, however was executed in Honduras shortly thereafter.

Most of the 20th Century was framed by the control of the Somozas; first the father and afterward his sons. By the conclusion of the 1970's, turmoil within the populace erupted into a rebellion, and finally the Somoza reign stopped by the Sandinista army. Again, the U.S. took part in Nicaragua's past, by teaching and arming objectors to fight the Sandinistas and their rule of the country. Eventually, an end of war agreement was made, and in 1990 the country arranged its first democratic elections. They have not looked back since.

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