Nicaragua - A Historical Reference

Spain entered Nicaragua in the 1500's and rapidly founded it as a settlement. The inhabitants of the country rapidly became devastated because of disease, deportation, and slavery by the Spaniards. Granada was founded as the colonial head of the country, and was one of the beginning communities constructed in the Americas by the Europeans.

Nicaragua remained a colony of Spain until 1821, when it pronounced its independence. Britain in spite of everything ruled the Caribbean shore, then slowly gave up control over the next couple of decades. In 1838, Nicaragua announced itself as an independent republic. Soon there after, a U.S. industrialist named William Walker set his sights on taking over the country and having the US Government annex it as a slave nation to support the South. Subsequently, Nicaragua was in the middle of a civil war during this. Walker did manage to gain dominance throughout Nicaragua, then he rapidly lost it when he tried to occupy Costa Rica. Walker ultimately left the country, however was executed in Honduras shortly thereafter.

Most of the 20th Century was framed by the regime of the Somozas; first the father and afterward his sons. By the end of the 1970's, turmoil among the populace erupted into a rebellion, and finally the Somoza reign stopped by means of the Sandinista army. Again, the U.S. took part in Nicaragua's history, via instructing and arming revolutionaries to combat the Sandinistas and their rule of the country. Finally, an end of war agreement was brokered, and in 1990 the country held its first democratic elections. They have moved forward ever since.

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