Nicaragua - A Historical Reference

Spain attacked Nicaragua in the 1500's and rapidly founded it as a settlement. The inhabitants of the country rapidly became devastated due to disease, deportation, and slavery by the Spaniards. Granada was founded as the colonial head of the country, and was one of the first colonies developed in the Americas by the Europeans.

Nicaragua remained a settlement of Spain until 1821, when it stated its independence. Britain still controlled the Caribbean coast, then gradually gave up control during the next couple of decades. In 1838, Nicaragua affirmed itself as an independent republic. Shortly afterward, a U.S. industrialist named William Walker set his sights on appropriating the country and having the US Government seize it as a slave country to support the South. Meanwhile, Nicaragua was in the middle of a civil war during this. Walker did manage to gain control over Nicaragua, then he rapidly lost it as soon as he tried to invade Costa Rica. Walker ultimately departed the country, however was executed in Honduras shortly thereafter.

Nearly all of the 20th Century was framed by the rule of the Somozas; beginning with the father and next his sons. By the conclusion of the 1970's, turmoil among the populace flared up into a rebellion, and eventually the Somoza reign ended by means of the Sandinista army. Once more, the U.S. took part in Nicaragua's past, via training and supplying objectors to fight the Sandinistas and their rule of the country. Finally, a peace deal was brokered, and in 1990 the country arranged its first democratic elections. They have moved forward ever since.

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