Nicaragua - A Historical Reference

Spain invaded Nicaragua in the 1500's and quickly established it as a colony. The inhabitants of the nation quickly became decimated because of disease, deportation, and slavery by the Spaniards. Granada was established as the colonial head of the nation, and was one of the beginning settlements built in the Americas by the Europeans.

Nicaragua continued as a settlement of Spain until 1821, when it stated its independence. Britain still ruled the Caribbean coast, then slowly gave up control over the next couple of decades. In 1838, Nicaragua announced itself as an independent republic. Soon afterward, a U.S. industrialist named William Walker set his sights on appropriating the nation and having the US Government annex it as a slave state to supply the South. Subsequently, Nicaragua was in the middle of a civil war during this. Walker did manage to gain power over Nicaragua, then he quickly lost it when he tried to occupy Costa Rica. Walker finally left the nation, however was executed in Honduras soon thereafter.

The majority of the 20th Century was framed by the control of the Somozas; first the father and afterward his sons. By the conclusion of the 1970's, unrest among the populace erupted into a revolution, and eventually the Somoza rule concluded by the Sandinista army. Once more, the U.S. took part in Nicaragua's past, by instructing and equipping rebels to combat the Sandinistas and their rule of the nation. Ultimately, an end of war agreement was brokered, and in 1990 the nation organized its first democratic elections. They have not looked back since.

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