Nicaragua - A Historical Reference

Spain entered Nicaragua in the 1500's and swiftly founded it as a settlement. The inhabitants of the nation swiftly became devastated because of disease, deportation, and slavery by the Spaniards. Granada was founded as the colonial head of the nation, and was one of the beginning colonies constructed in the Americas by the Europeans.

Nicaragua remained a colony of Spain until 1821, at what time it stated its independence. Britain still ruled the Caribbean shore, but slowly gave up rule over the next couple of decades. In 1838, Nicaragua declared itself as an independent republic. Soon afterward, a U.S. industrialist named William Walker set his sights on taking over the nation and having the US Government occupy it as a slave state to support the South. Meanwhile, Nicaragua was in the middle of a civil war at the time. Walker did succeed in gaining control over Nicaragua, but he swiftly lost it as soon as he tried to assault Costa Rica. Walker eventually left the nation, but was executed in Honduras soon thereafter.

Most of the 20th Century was framed by the rule of the Somozas; beginning with the father and then his sons. By the conclusion of the 1970's, unrest within the residents flared up into a rebellion, and finally the Somoza reign stopped at the hands of the Sandinista army. Yet again, the U.S. participated in Nicaragua's past, via training and arming objectors to engage the Sandinistas and their control of the nation. Eventually, a peace agreement was made, and in 1990 the nation organized its first democratic elections. They have moved forward ever since.

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