Real-World History of Nicaragua

Spain entered Nicaragua in the 1500's and quickly established it as a settlement. The inhabitants of the nation quickly became ruined due to disease, deportation, and slavery by the Spaniards. Granada was established as the colonial head of the nation, and was one of the beginning settlements built in the Americas by the Europeans.

Nicaragua continued as a colony of Spain until 1821, when it pronounced its independence. Britain however controlled the Caribbean shore, however slowly relinquished rule over the next couple of decades. In 1838, Nicaragua affirmed itself as an independent republic. Soon afterward, a U.S. industrialist named William Walker set his sights on taking over the nation and having the US Government occupy it as a slave state to support the South. Meanwhile, Nicaragua was in the middle of a civil war during this. Walker did manage to gain dominance over Nicaragua, however he quickly lost it when he attempted to invade Costa Rica. Walker finally left the nation, but was executed in Honduras shortly thereafter.

Most of the 20th Century was framed by the regime of the Somozas; beginning with the father and next his sons. By the end of the 1970's, unrest amongst the population erupted into a rebellion, and eventually the Somoza reign stopped at the hands of the Sandinista army. Again, the U.S. played a role in Nicaragua's past, by means of training and arming objectors to fight the Sandinistas and their regime of the nation. Finally, a peace treaty was brokered, and in 1990 the nation organized its first democratic elections. They have not looked back since.

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