Nicaragua - A Historical Reference

Spain invaded Nicaragua in the 1500's and quickly founded it as a settlement. The population of the nation quickly became devastated because of disease, deportation, and slavery by the Spaniards. Granada was founded as the colonial head of the nation, and was one of the beginning settlements developed in the Americas by the Europeans.

Nicaragua continued as a colony of Spain until 1821, when it proclaimed its freedom. Britain however controlled the Caribbean shore, then gradually gave up rule over the next couple of decades. In 1838, Nicaragua affirmed itself as an independent republic. Shortly there after, a U.S. entrepreneur named William Walker set his sights on appropriating the nation and having the US Government occupy it as a slave country to support the South. Subsequently, Nicaragua was in the middle of a civil war during this. Walker did manage to gain dominance throughout Nicaragua, then he quickly lost it as soon as he tried to occupy Costa Rica. Walker eventually departed the nation, but was executed in Honduras soon thereafter.

The majority of the 20th Century was framed by the regime of the Somozas; beginning with the father and next his sons. By the close of the 1970's, turmoil amongst the populace flared up into a rebellion, and finally the Somoza reign concluded as a result of the Sandinista army. Once more, the U.S. participated in Nicaragua's history, by training and supplying objectors to fight the Sandinistas and their regime of the nation. Finally, a peace deal was made, and in 1990 the nation held its first democratic elections. They have moved forward ever since.

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