Real-World History of Nicaragua

Spain entered Nicaragua in the 1500's and rapidly founded it as a colony. The inhabitants of the country rapidly became decimated as a result of disease, deportation, and slavery by the Spaniards. Granada was founded as the colonial head of the country, and was one of the beginning settlements built in the Americas by the Europeans.

Nicaragua continued as a city state of Spain until 1821, when it declared its independence. Britain still ruled the Caribbean coast, however gradually gave up jurisdiction during the next couple of decades. In 1838, Nicaragua announced itself as an independent republic. Soon there after, a U.S. entrepreneur named William Walker set his sights on appropriating the country and having the US Government occupy it as a slave state to support the South. Meanwhile, Nicaragua was in the middle of a civil war during this. Walker did succeed in gaining control throughout Nicaragua, however he rapidly lost it when he tried to occupy Costa Rica. Walker finally left the country, but was executed in Honduras soon thereafter.

Nearly all of the 20th Century was framed by the rule of the Somozas; beginning with the father and then his sons. By the end of the 1970's, turmoil amongst the populace erupted into a rebellion, and ultimately the Somoza dynasty stopped by means of the Sandinista army. Once more, the U.S. played a role in Nicaragua's history, via training and equipping rebels to combat the Sandinistas and their control of the country. Finally, an end of war agreement was made, and in 1990 the country held its first democratic elections. They have moved forward ever since.

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