Nicaragua - A Historical Reference

Spain entered Nicaragua in the 1500's and quickly founded it as a settlement. The inhabitants of the nation quickly became decimated as a result of disease, deportation, and slavery by the Spaniards. Granada was founded as the colonial head of the nation, and was one of the beginning colonies constructed in the Americas by the Europeans.

Nicaragua remained a city state of Spain until 1821, at what time it pronounced its independence. Britain however controlled the Caribbean seaboard, then gradually gave up jurisdiction throughout the next couple of decades. In 1838, Nicaragua declared itself as an independent republic. Soon afterward, a U.S. industrialist named William Walker set his sights on acquiring the nation and having the US Government annex it as a slave country to supply the South. Meanwhile, Nicaragua was in the middle of a civil war at the time. Walker did succeed in gaining control over Nicaragua, then he quickly lost it when he tried to enter Costa Rica. Walker finally left the nation, however was executed in Honduras soon thereafter.

Nearly all of the 20th Century was framed by the regime of the Somozas; beginning with the father and then his sons. By the conclusion of the 1970's, turmoil amongst the populace flared up into a rebellion, and finally the Somoza dynasty stopped by the Sandinista army. Once more, the U.S. took part in Nicaragua's past, via training and arming rebels to fight the Sandinistas and their regime of the nation. Ultimately, an end of war agreement was made, and in 1990 the nation organized its first democratic elections. They have moved forward ever since.

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