Nicaragua - A Historical Reference

Spain entered Nicaragua in the 1500's and rapidly founded it as a colony. The population of the nation rapidly became decimated as a result of disease, deportation, and slavery by the Spaniards. Granada was founded as the colonial head of the nation, and was one of the first communities built in the Americas by the Europeans.

Nicaragua continued as a city state of Spain until 1821, when it stated its freedom. Britain however ruled the Caribbean seaboard, then bit by bit relinquished rule during the next couple of decades. In 1838, Nicaragua announced itself as an independent republic. Shortly there after, a U.S. industrialist named William Walker set his sights on acquiring the nation and having the US Government annex it as a slave state to supply the South. Meanwhile, Nicaragua was in the middle of a civil war at the time. Walker did manage to gain power throughout Nicaragua, then he rapidly lost it the minute he attempted to occupy Costa Rica. Walker finally left the nation, but was executed in Honduras shortly thereafter.

Nearly all of the 20th Century was framed by the rule of the Somozas; beginning with the father and next his sons. By the end of the 1970's, unrest amongst the residents erupted into a rebellion, and ultimately the Somoza rule ended by the Sandinista army. Again, the U.S. took part in Nicaragua's history, by instructing and arming rebels to fight the Sandinistas and their leadership of the nation. Finally, a peace deal was made, and in 1990 the nation organized its first democratic elections. They have not looked back since.

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