The History of Nicaragua

Spain attacked Nicaragua in the 1500's and quickly founded it as a settlement. The inhabitants of the nation quickly became devastated because of disease, deportation, and slavery by the Spaniards. Granada was founded as the colonial head of the nation, and was one of the beginning settlements constructed in the Americas by the Europeans.

Nicaragua continued as a colony of Spain until 1821, when it stated its independence. Britain however ruled the Caribbean shore, however slowly gave up control during the next couple of decades. In 1838, Nicaragua declared itself as an independent republic. Soon there after, a U.S. industrialist named William Walker set his sights on appropriating the nation and having the US Government annex it as a slave country to supply the South. Subsequently, Nicaragua was in the middle of a civil war during this. Walker did succeed in gaining control over Nicaragua, however he quickly lost it the minute he attempted to occupy Costa Rica. Walker in time departed the nation, however was executed in Honduras soon thereafter.

Most of the 20th Century was framed by the regime of the Somozas; first the father and then his sons. By the conclusion of the 1970's, turmoil within the populace exploded into a revolution, and eventually the Somoza reign concluded at the hands of the Sandinista army. Once more, the U.S. took part in Nicaragua's history, via instructing and arming rebels to fight the Sandinistas and their regime of the nation. Ultimately, an end of war agreement was made, and in 1990 the nation held its first democratic elections. They have not looked back since.

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