The History of Nicaragua

Spain entered Nicaragua in the 1500's and rapidly established it as a settlement. The people of the country rapidly became devastated because of disease, deportation, and slavery by the Spaniards. Granada was established as the colonial head of the country, and was one of the first colonies constructed in the Americas by the Europeans.

Nicaragua remained a city state of Spain until 1821, when it pronounced its freedom. Britain however ruled the Caribbean coast, then slowly relinquished jurisdiction during the next couple of decades. In 1838, Nicaragua declared itself as an independent republic. Shortly there after, a U.S. entrepreneur named William Walker set his sights on taking over the country and having the US Government seize it as a slave country to supply the South. Subsequently, Nicaragua was in the middle of a civil war at the time. Walker did succeed in gaining dominance over Nicaragua, then he rapidly lost it as soon as he attempted to occupy Costa Rica. Walker ultimately left the country, however was executed in Honduras a little while thereafter.

Nearly all of the 20th Century was framed by the regime of the Somozas; first the father and next his sons. By the end of the 1970's, turmoil amongst the populace exploded into a rebellion, and finally the Somoza reign ended by the Sandinista army. Once more, the U.S. participated in Nicaragua's history, by instructing and supplying rebels to combat the Sandinistas and their rule of the country. Ultimately, a peace deal was made, and in 1990 the country held its first democratic elections. They have moved forward ever since.

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