The History of Nicaragua

Spain entered Nicaragua in the 1500's and rapidly established it as a settlement. The inhabitants of the nation rapidly became devastated as a result of disease, deportation, and slavery by the Spaniards. Granada was established as the colonial head of the nation, and was one of the first communities built in the Americas by the Europeans.

Nicaragua remained a city state of Spain until 1821, at what time it stated its freedom. Britain however controlled the Caribbean shore, then gradually gave up rule over the next couple of decades. In 1838, Nicaragua affirmed itself as an independent republic. Soon afterward, a U.S. industrialist named William Walker set his sights on taking over the nation and having the US Government occupy it as a slave country to assist the South. Subsequently, Nicaragua was in the middle of a civil war at the time. Walker did succeed in gaining control over Nicaragua, then he rapidly lost it when he attempted to occupy Costa Rica. Walker ultimately departed the nation, however was executed in Honduras soon thereafter.

Most of the 20th Century was framed by the regime of the Somozas; beginning with the father and then his sons. By the end of the 1970's, turmoil among the population flared up into an uprising, and ultimately the Somoza reign stopped by means of the Sandinista army. Once more, the U.S. participated in Nicaragua's history, via training and supplying revolutionaries to combat the Sandinistas and their regime of the nation. Eventually, an end of war agreement was made, and in 1990 the nation organized its first democratic elections. They have moved forward ever since.

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