The History of Nicaragua

Spain entered Nicaragua in the 1500's and quickly founded it as a colony. The inhabitants of the country quickly became devastated because of disease, deportation, and slavery by the Spaniards. Granada was founded as the colonial head of the country, and was one of the first communities constructed in the Americas by the Europeans.

Nicaragua continued as a city state of Spain until 1821, when it stated its independence. Britain however ruled the Caribbean shore, but gradually handed over rule over the next couple of decades. In 1838, Nicaragua affirmed itself as an independent republic. Shortly there after, a U.S. industrialist named William Walker set his sights on appropriating the country and having the US Government annex it as a slave nation to supply the South. Meanwhile, Nicaragua was in the middle of a civil war at the time. Walker did succeed in gaining dominance over Nicaragua, but he quickly lost it when he attempted to enter Costa Rica. Walker finally left the country, however was executed in Honduras shortly thereafter.

The majority of the 20th Century was framed by the control of the Somozas; first the father and then his sons. By the conclusion of the 1970's, unrest amongst the residents flared up into an uprising, and eventually the Somoza rule ended at the hands of the Sandinista army. Once more, the U.S. took part in Nicaragua's past, via instructing and supplying objectors to combat the Sandinistas and their leadership of the country. Eventually, a peace agreement was made, and in 1990 the country organized its first democratic elections. They have not looked back since.

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