The History of Nicaragua

Spain attacked Nicaragua in the 1500's and swiftly established it as a colony. The inhabitants of the country swiftly became decimated due to disease, deportation, and slavery by the Spaniards. Granada was established as the colonial head of the country, and was one of the beginning communities built in the Americas by the Europeans.

Nicaragua remained a city state of Spain until 1821, when it declared its independence. Britain in spite of everything controlled the Caribbean shore, then bit by bit gave up rule throughout the next couple of decades. In 1838, Nicaragua announced itself as an independent republic. Shortly there after, a U.S. capitalist named William Walker set his sights on acquiring the country and having the US Government occupy it as a slave nation to support the South. Subsequently, Nicaragua was in the middle of a civil war at the time. Walker did manage to gain control throughout Nicaragua, then he swiftly lost it as soon as he attempted to occupy Costa Rica. Walker finally left the country, however was executed in Honduras a little while thereafter.

Most of the 20th Century was framed by the rule of the Somozas; beginning with the father and next his sons. By the end of the 1970's, turmoil within the population erupted into a rebellion, and finally the Somoza reign stopped by means of the Sandinista army. Once more, the U.S. played a role in Nicaragua's past, via training and arming rebels to engage the Sandinistas and their regime of the country. Finally, an end of war treaty was made, and in 1990 the country organized its first democratic elections. They have moved forward ever since.

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