The History of Nicaragua

Spain attacked Nicaragua in the 1500's and quickly established it as a colony. The population of the nation quickly became devastated due to disease, deportation, and slavery by the Spaniards. Granada was established as the colonial head of the nation, and was one of the first settlements constructed in the Americas by the Europeans.

Nicaragua remained a colony of Spain until 1821, when it declared its freedom. Britain in spite of everything controlled the Caribbean seaboard, then gradually gave up jurisdiction during the next couple of decades. In 1838, Nicaragua announced itself as an independent republic. Shortly there after, a U.S. industrialist named William Walker set his sights on taking over the nation and having the US Government seize it as a slave country to support the South. Subsequently, Nicaragua was in the middle of a civil war at the time. Walker did succeed in gaining dominance over Nicaragua, then he quickly lost it as soon as he attempted to enter Costa Rica. Walker ultimately departed the nation, however was executed in Honduras soon thereafter.

The majority of the 20th Century was framed by the regime of the Somozas; beginning with the father and afterward his sons. By the end of the 1970's, turmoil within the populace flared up into a revolution, and finally the Somoza rule stopped by the Sandinista army. Once more, the U.S. played a role in Nicaragua's history, via instructing and arming rebels to combat the Sandinistas and their rule of the nation. Finally, a peace agreement was made, and in 1990 the nation organized its first democratic elections. They have moved forward ever since.

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