The History of Nicaragua

Spain entered Nicaragua in the 1500's and quickly established it as a settlement. The people of the country quickly became devastated because of disease, deportation, and slavery by the Spaniards. Granada was established as the colonial head of the country, and was one of the beginning communities constructed in the Americas by the Europeans.

Nicaragua continued as a settlement of Spain until 1821, when it stated its independence. Britain however ruled the Caribbean coast, then bit by bit handed over control over the next couple of decades. In 1838, Nicaragua announced itself as an independent republic. Shortly afterward, a U.S. industrialist named William Walker set his sights on taking over the country and having the US Government occupy it as a slave country to supply the South. Meanwhile, Nicaragua was in the middle of a civil war during this. Walker did manage to gain dominance throughout Nicaragua, then he quickly lost it the minute he tried to enter Costa Rica. Walker in time left the country, but was executed in Honduras a little while thereafter.

Nearly all of the 20th Century was framed by the rule of the Somozas; beginning with the father and then his sons. By the conclusion of the 1970's, unrest amongst the populace flared up into a rebellion, and ultimately the Somoza dynasty ended by means of the Sandinista army. Once more, the U.S. participated in Nicaragua's history, via instructing and arming rebels to fight the Sandinistas and their rule of the country. Eventually, a peace deal was made, and in 1990 the country organized its first democratic elections. They have moved forward ever since.

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