Real-World History of Nicaragua

Spain invaded Nicaragua in the 1500's and rapidly established it as a colony. The inhabitants of the country rapidly became devastated due to disease, deportation, and slavery by the Spaniards. Granada was established as the colonial head of the country, and was one of the beginning communities built in the Americas by the Europeans.

Nicaragua remained a colony of Spain until 1821, at what time it stated its independence. Britain however ruled the Caribbean coast, then bit by bit gave up rule over the next couple of decades. In 1838, Nicaragua affirmed itself as an independent republic. Soon there after, a U.S. industrialist named William Walker set his sights on appropriating the country and having the US Government occupy it as a slave nation to support the South. Subsequently, Nicaragua was in the middle of a civil war during this. Walker did manage to gain dominance over Nicaragua, then he rapidly lost it when he tried to enter Costa Rica. Walker eventually left the country, however was executed in Honduras soon thereafter.

Nearly all of the 20th Century was framed by the regime of the Somozas; beginning with the father and next his sons. By the conclusion of the 1970's, unrest within the residents erupted into a revolution, and finally the Somoza reign ended by the Sandinista army. Once more, the U.S. played a role in Nicaragua's past, via instructing and arming objectors to fight the Sandinistas and their regime of the country. Finally, an end of war agreement was brokered, and in 1990 the country arranged its first democratic elections. They have moved forward ever since.

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