The History of Nicaragua

Spain entered Nicaragua in the 1500's and quickly founded it as a colony. The population of the nation quickly became ruined because of disease, deportation, and slavery by the Spaniards. Granada was founded as the colonial head of the nation, and was one of the beginning settlements developed in the Americas by the Europeans.

Nicaragua remained a city state of Spain until 1821, at what time it stated its freedom. Britain however ruled the Caribbean coast, but slowly handed over rule over the next couple of decades. In 1838, Nicaragua asserted itself as an independent republic. Soon afterward, a U.S. industrialist named William Walker set his sights on taking over the nation and having the US Government occupy it as a slave country to supply the South. Meanwhile, Nicaragua was in the middle of a civil war during this. Walker did succeed in gaining power over Nicaragua, but he quickly lost it as soon as he tried to invade Costa Rica. Walker finally departed the nation, but was executed in Honduras soon thereafter.

Most of the 20th Century was framed by the rule of the Somozas; first the father and next his sons. By the end of the 1970's, turmoil among the populace flared up into a revolution, and ultimately the Somoza reign ended at the hands of the Sandinista army. Yet again, the U.S. took part in Nicaragua's past, via instructing and arming revolutionaries to fight the Sandinistas and their regime of the nation. Eventually, an end of war deal was made, and in 1990 the nation organized its first democratic elections. They have moved forward ever since.

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