The History of Nicaragua

Spain entered Nicaragua in the 1500's and rapidly founded it as a settlement. The inhabitants of the country rapidly became devastated as a result of disease, deportation, and slavery by the Spaniards. Granada was founded as the colonial head of the country, and was one of the beginning communities constructed in the Americas by the Europeans.

Nicaragua continued as a colony of Spain until 1821, at what time it declared its independence. Britain still ruled the Caribbean shore, but gradually gave up control during the next couple of decades. In 1838, Nicaragua declared itself as an independent republic. Soon there after, a U.S. industrialist named William Walker set his sights on acquiring the country and having the US Government seize it as a slave country to supply the South. Subsequently, Nicaragua was in the middle of a civil war during this. Walker did manage to gain control throughout Nicaragua, but he rapidly lost it when he tried to invade Costa Rica. Walker ultimately left the country, however was executed in Honduras soon thereafter.

Most of the 20th Century was framed by the rule of the Somozas; first the father and next his sons. By the close of the 1970's, unrest among the populace flared up into a revolution, and eventually the Somoza reign stopped by the Sandinista army. Once more, the U.S. played a role in Nicaragua's past, via instructing and equipping objectors to engage the Sandinistas and their control of the country. Eventually, a peace agreement was reached, and in 1990 the country organized its first democratic elections. They have moved forward ever since.

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