Nicaragua - A Historical Reference

Spain attacked Nicaragua in the 1500's and rapidly founded it as a colony. The inhabitants of the country rapidly became ruined due to disease, deportation, and slavery by the Spaniards. Granada was founded as the colonial head of the country, and was one of the beginning communities built in the Americas by the Europeans.

Nicaragua remained a colony of Spain until 1821, when it pronounced its freedom. Britain still controlled the Caribbean shore, but gradually handed over control during the next couple of decades. In 1838, Nicaragua declared itself as an independent republic. Soon afterward, a U.S. capitalist named William Walker set his sights on appropriating the country and having the US Government occupy it as a slave nation to supply the South. Meanwhile, Nicaragua was in the middle of a civil war during this. Walker did succeed in gaining power throughout Nicaragua, but he rapidly lost it when he attempted to invade Costa Rica. Walker finally left the country, but was executed in Honduras soon thereafter.

Most of the 20th Century was framed by the rule of the Somozas; beginning with the father and then his sons. By the conclusion of the 1970's, turmoil amongst the residents erupted into a rebellion, and finally the Somoza empire stopped by means of the Sandinista army. Once more, the U.S. took part in Nicaragua's past, via teaching and supplying objectors to combat the Sandinistas and their regime of the country. Eventually, a peace treaty was made, and in 1990 the country organized its first democratic elections. They have not looked back since.

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